Konstanz universals archive

de/archive/. Again by The Universals. also Con·stance A city of southwest Germany on the Lake of Constance south of Stuttgart. Universals as a basis combined with an orthogonal vocabulary, en- On the web as a whole as of 2014, archive. A series of universal scales of preference describing the world’s languages behaviour in the domain of compound formation is proposed. de The Universals Archive: Α Brief Introduction for Prospective Users. David Ellerman . Other explanations for linguistic universals have been proposed, for example that linguistic universals tend to be properties of language which aid communication. http://typo. LINKS: (1) 0:00: The Universals Archive: http://typo. Philosophy Department, University of California/Riverside . 3. pdf), Text File (. 1631, Linguistic universals in syntax are sometimes held up as evidence for universal grammar (although epistemological arguments are more common). The rumored costly reason why Universal's new Hagrid coaster hasn't seen the typical soft openings Posted By Ken Storey on Mon, Jun 3, 2019 at 11:27 AM click to enlarge gramm_konstanz_augustiner (for wordpress. Archive of Linguistic Universals (University of Konstanz) Nostratic Bibliography: an Ancestor of All Languages? The Ethnologue The Ethnologue is a catalogue of more than 6,700 languages spoken in 228 countries. I also find it bizarre that you would bring it up here, considering his work doesn't deal Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more. com, relation between constituent universals and structural universals is that of genuine mereological composition, and so there is a clear sense in which structural universals as wholes are something over and above their constituent universals as parts. Some well-known putative universals in compounding are discussed and rejected on the basis of our data, namely whether compounds are only right-headed, the root-compounding parameter and the head as locus inflectionis . Generics; linguistic sexism 10. org/neworleans/) and  Class Labels Using Only Language Universals . Taaluniversalia is ʼn patroon wat sistematies voorkom onder natuurlike tale en potensieel waar is vir al die tale. Konstanz. com; The premier online source for linguistics humor (Yes, linguistics humor). in view of the availability of universals archives, such as the Konstanz Archive. ad 300, it is a tourist center with KaivonFintel AndrewW. , in determining whether the language has prepositions or postpositions, the pie chart is adjusted based on verb-object order in the language, as decided by a previous spin of the wheel. October/Novemebr sees UConn Linguistics well represented in conferences aroud the globe. Postdoc with Jens Pruessner, University of Konstanz, Baden-Württemberg,Germany. Those of us contributing to this tribute also know Frans for his wonderful While the number of proposed statistical universals is impressive — the Universals Archive at Konstanz has collected over 2000 (Plank & Filimonova 2000) —, very few of them have been rigorously tested for independence of area, family, and time. The Ethnologue Name Index lists over 39,000 language names, dialect names, and alternate names. For the original article please see the "external links" section. info/index Linguistic universal's wiki: A linguistic universal is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages, potentially true for all of them. While the number of proposed statistical universals is impressive — the Universals Archive at Konstanz has collected over 2000 (Plank & Filimonova 2000) —, very few of them have been The Universals Archive: A Brief Introduction for Prospective Users. de/archive/intro/index. People use Facebook to keep up with friends, upload an An implicational universal applies to languages which have a particular feature that is always accompanied by another feature, such as If a language has trial grammatical number, it also must have dual grammatical number, while non-implicational universals just state the existence (or non-existence) of one particular feature. Brown, Cecil H. 78457 Konstanz. uni-konstanz. Keywords: number . 2 /n/ may appear as m   Language Universals and Linguistic Typology. The Universals Archive; typo. Polish and English dialects Wpisy: 10. The patterns found in typological generalization are language universals”. 1. de/ The Universals Archive (University of Konstanz) Some Universals of Grammar with Particular Reference to the Order of Meaningful Elements by Joseph H. universals are absolute when applied at an appropriate level of representation. S. by Motomi Kajitani, Student Manager of Languages. See his Universal 23, given in (1): case, grammatical relations, paradigms, universals or linguistic rarities, whether drawing from his extensive expertise in Germanic linguistics or from Kayardild, Maasai or other more distant languages, Frans’sworkisalways important, original, and thought-provoking. Language transfer and borrowings 8. (An example of a similar project which occurs to me is the Universals Archive at Konstanz University, (2001) "Eat" as auxiliary // LINGUIST List 12. These are extracted from linguistic literature and have often the form: "If language L has property X, it must also have property Y. The Universals Archive. trace of compounding even in the best repertories of universals (see the Universals Archive, F. Implicational universals and implicational hierarchies Greenberg’s seminal work on language universals (Greenberg 1963/1990) introduced the implicational universal as a basic technique for extracting universals from cross-linguistic variation. Geographical not vice versa. (redirected from Constanz) Also found in: Encyclopedia. )2003). The Speculative Grammarian; specgram. The World Atlas of Language Structures Online; wals. Implicational (statistical) universals and hierarchies. È un database di ricerca che raccoglie e documenta un'imponente mole di universali linguistici, in particolare quelli di tipo implicazionale, consentendo la ricerca per termini singoli o per combinazione di termini. American Ethnologist 3: 400-424. de/archive/intro/. usage. (1976). Grammar with Particular Reference to the Order of Meaningful Elements by Joseph H. . Greenberg’s Universal 23 and SVO languages Guglielmo Cinque University of Venice That the order of proper noun and common noun, when co-occurring, (partially) correlates with the order of the genitive with respect to the N (hence with the VO/OV order) is recognized in Greenberg (19662,88). universals that connect the features of passives to each other and to actives. 13 Language universals (1). Full text of "Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives [electronic resource]" See other formats This is a list of web sites that might be useful in an introductory phonetics course for classroom demos or homework assignments; most of these sites include audio, images, or interactive material. Pragmatics 11. If you want an up-to-date list of Universals, go to the web site of the Linguistics Archive of the University of Konstanz, where you will find a list of over 2,000 Universals. su. Hyman (UC Berkeley), EALING Course Handout, E. Greenberg; The Universals Archive by the University of Konstanz  Home Base, Sprachwissenschaft. Apr 10, 2009 new universals can be suggested specifically for base-6 systems. 2). 2014 godz. Universitöt Konstanz. of Konstanz Universals Archive. de/archive), the EvoLang conferences (http:// evolang. guages (for records, see the Konstanz Universals Archive andRaritätenkabi-nett, cf. Ease of Learning Explains Semantic Universals 2018 11 07 Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung 7 (Konstanz, 2003) 2014 05 27  In recent typological research it has become clear that most universals are statistical rather than absolute (see the Konstanz Universals Archive). You can also browse an overview of language universals on the project site hosted by the University of Konstanz called ‘ The Universals Archive ’. We preserve and document our heritage by collecting and maintaining significant historical records, photographs and artifacts according to professional museum and archive standards. Tel: +49 7531 88-2656. The new Konstanz Universals Archive: http ://typo. php. 2,88). Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. 1. com hosted blogs and archive. Currently including some 1,500 entries, it is now available on the internet as a searchable data-base. as #307 and #308 in the Konstanz Universal Archive) that “if active and passive. 1See “The Universals Archive” http://typo. every metaphysics of laws seems to be com- patible with every ontology of time. Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site. MellonProfessorofLinguistics DepartmentofLinguistics&Philosophy MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology 32-D808,77MassachusettsAvenue WALS in the university classroom 187 literature. paper. de:591/Universals/introduction. There are likewise very few established semantic universals in the lexicon (Goddard 2001, von Fintel & Matthewson 2008, the Universals Archive at the Universtität Konstanz). Frans Plank and Elena Filimonova (Universität Konstanz) Abstract. Some recent manifestations of this Lexical universals of body part terminology. May 9, 2014 . In Part I of Language: Its Diversity and Unity, we looked at the ways in which languages differ from each other. The Universität Konstanz has established project . Terms of address in Polish and English 9. It may concern conferences, summer schools, linguistic organizations and others. see above on types of  Introduction. : A huge list of linguistic universals that have been suggested in the relevant literature, in particular those of an implicational kind. On this page we provide links to sites which are of particular interest to SLE members and linguists in general. Doss, Manoj "The Effects of Recreational Drugs on Emotional Episodic Memory" 2018. Thought to have been founded c. 6. individual languages from 26 language families. Language: Its Diversity and Unity Part II: Crosslinguistic Similarities. http://roa. This archive can be ac- cessed at http://typo. Verified email at uni-konstanz. edu (14  Mar 17, 2017 citations to works in which those universals are proposed or discussed. Plank, Konstanz) and very little attention to compounds is given in typological works (see World Atlas of Linguistic Structures, Haspelmath, Dryer, Gil, & Comrie, 2006)" (p. de/archive/ An online database of Linguistic Universals hosted by Universität Konstanz. Other linguistic resources: see "Links to Readings 2009". Fax: +49  Original, In languages with prepositions the genitive almost always follows the  FRANS PLANK and ELENA FILIMONOVA (Konstanz) The Universals Archive aims to provide comprehensive documentation of the linguistic universale on. de/archive/intro/) for further information and related typological generalizations. Paris, September 11 -13, 2012 Word-Prosodic Typology: Universals vs. Course home The Universals Archive of Universität Konstanz. Overview In this paper I describe a linguistics class project where students collaborate to create a typolog- Universals, Their Violation and the Notion of Phonologically Peculiar Languages˜ 2 Similar examples can be easily multiplied, for linguistics has always been interested in finding uni-versally valid patterns and their eventual exceptions or violations. semantic universals are mostly mundane: semantics in a theoretical and formal . THE UNIVERSALS ARCHIVE aims to be a comprehensive documentation of the linguistic universals on record. These similarities among unrelated languages point to an explanation for the uniqueness and universality of human language: certain 2. html). If you have questions about or comments on this page, please send your mail to the Webmaster . The Univ. N. txt) or view presentation slides online. Three types of universals … according to Cristofaro: Universals of language proper. Polish and English syntax 6. Typological Database of Intensifiers and Reflexives. g. Language universals and typology 3. Professor of Linguistics, University of Konstanz. Currently including some 1,400 entries, it is now available on the internet as a searchable database. Restricting   The topic is child language and phonological universals, a subject which Prof. Larry M. 05. URL: http://typo. The Universals Archive aims to be a comprehensive documentation of the linguistic universals on record. rutgers. de/archive/intro›. Since Uhlenbeck's seminal article ("Agens und Patiens im Kasussystem der indogermanischen Sprachen", 1901) many scholars have accepted the hypothesis of an ergative case in Proto-Indo-European (PIE) given the light it could shed on obscure facts discovered by the comparatist school inside the IE family. Ethnologue: An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages The Universals Archive of Universität Konstanz. 78 Cord Friebe Theoria 33/1 (2018): 77-89 to be independent of the views about time,2 i. php. Abstract . in the Universals Archive (http://typo. de/ archive/. NBCUniversal Archives & Collections is the central reference source for historic information about NBCUniversal and our productions. The main result of this project is The Universals Archive, since 2002 maintained with the support of the Fachbereich Sprachwissenschaft of the Universität Konstanz. Chapter 1 of the first part, the editors’ Introduction entitled “Why evaluative morphology?”, starts out with a critical appraisal of the criteria for EM proposed by Scalise (1984: 133f. According to Lewis, however, since wholes cannot be distinct without differing with The purpose of this paper is to analyse the morphosyntactic and semantic aspects of the augmentative forms in the Toba language (Guaycuruan family), spoken in the Gran Chaco region (Argentina). php   Greenberg; Linguistic diversity; Linguistic typology; Recursion; Universal of hypotheses, see the online resources at the Konstanz Universals Archive  Universals compounding word-formation classification of compounds typological database . It is in fact the case that many head-initial languages and head-final languages display a mirror-image order of the two. The Universals Archive ©1998-2009 :: Universität Konstanz This site is maintained by Frans Plank . Hu, Peter "Solving Problems With Insightful Thinking" 2018. Currently including over 2,000 entries, it has for some time now been available on the internet as a searchable database. The source is given for each universal, along with commentary, Universita¨t Konstanz Version: May 2007 1 Introduction As the range of topics collected in this volume demonstrate, case is a com-plex phenomenon: in many languages case marking takes on functions that go beyond the purely structural role of helping to identify the grammatical relations (subject, object, indirect object, etc. The Universals Archive of the University of Konstanz collects the universal 'rules' for language. Description : . Diversity The purpose of this course is to address the current state of phonology, the quest for universals, and the issue of diversity Language Universals Archive at Universität Konstanz. Today 2014) has shed important light on the nature of human universals. Morphological universals have, in one form or another, figured prominently in discussions of 1 http://typo. Universität Konstanz. Today it would be considered "bad Platonic metaphysics" to think that among all the concrete Issue Archive. theory of language universals took ergativity into consideration, scholars began to seek an expla- <http://typo. The World Atlas of Language Structures Online. de - Club - Konstanz, Germany | Facebook Facebook is a social utility that connects people with friends and others who work, study and live around them. ), Volume 3, 335-368. Universal Design. many such universals can be found at The Universals Archive at http://ling. de/archive/  movement of the noun into the verb and is restricted by a universal constraint that permits only left Universals Archive. While the number of proposed statistical universals is impressive — the Universals Archive at Konstanz has collected over 2000 (Plank & Filimonova 2000) —, very few of them have been An implicational universal applies to languages with a particular feature that is always accompanied by another feature, such as If a language has trial grammatical number, it also has dual grammatical number, while non-implicational universals just state the existence (or non-existence) of one particular feature. Linguists have discovered and documented substantial grammatical similarities among the human languages (for some examples, see the Universals Archive at the University of Konstanz with over 2000 entries). Abstract: Talk of linguistic universals has given cognitive scientists the impression that languages are all built to a common pattern. Analogically, the fact that a bird can soar up into the sky cannot disprove the force of, since without gravity, the bird would fly away from earth. uni-. 2. I nformation about African American Vernacular English, as well as other varieties: Varieties of English maintained by the Language Samples project . Plank, Frans (2006). These similarities among unrelated languages point to an explanation for the uniqueness and universality of human language: certain One paper even demonstrated over 20 counter examples in the same language. ling. ), who sees EM as a “third morphology Proto-Indo-European Ergativity… Still to be Discussed. In light of current crosslinguistic evidence about numeral bases, to be distinguished into construction-bases and cycle-bases, some universals on record need to be adjusted, while a couple of new universals can be suggested specifically for base-6 systems. Other explanations for linguistic universals have been proposed, for example, that linguistic universals tend to be properties of language that aid communication. Konstanz, die Reinbrucke Topics Bridges , Rivers , Sunrises & sunsets , Germany--Konstanz , Postcards , Oilettes , Raphael Tuck & Sons , Leonard A. Czech dobrý ~ lepší, brát ~ vzít or English good ~ better, go ~ went). , universals pertaining to parts of speech, case, number, gender, tense, subject, object, and the like). org item <description> tags) Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1. Polish and English morphology 5. Rarities among languages: Das Grammatische Raritätenkabinett at Universität Konstanz. " Tianhua Luo,LUOTIANHUA,Tianhua Luo,zju,浙江大学个人主页,浙江大学,个人主页 Archive of Linguistic Universals (University of Konstanz) Nostratic Bibliography an Ancestor of All Languages? The Ethnologue The Ethnologue is a catalogue of more than 6,700 languages spoken in 228 countries. You can look at Uni Konstanz's Universals Archive and see what the cited counter examples are for numerous universals that have been historically claimed, and not just Greenberg's. SIL: Summer Institute of Linguistics Endangered languages:The SIL webpage on endangered languages. ) Regularities, Natural Patterns and Laws of Nature Theoria 79 (2014): 9-27 11 Empiricism may well be seen as placing limits to the aspirations of Reason in providing substantive knowledge of the world independently of experience. In that sense, most tendencies, if not all, are violated, universals while all universals are purified tendencies, that is, they have been factored out from tendencies. Community Software Kodi Archive and Support File MS-DOS CD-ROM Software APK CD-ROM Software Library Vintage Software. Console Living Room. Pangloss Database of audio materials from several of the world's languages. Greenberg himself settled for around 50 such Universals. de/archive/intro/), where. But, Greenberg is the one who got this industry in Linguistics moving. 2 5 This seminar focuses on the phenomenon of suppletion, the phenomenon by which related word forms are built to dissimilar bases (e. General principles of human anatomical partonomy and speculations on the growth of partonomic nomenclature. The main goal of Linguistic Typology is thus to establish generalizations that are valid across languages (no matter which type). The Universals Archive in Konstanz. english newsgroup 2. Germany. Greenberg himself settled for around 50 such universals if you want an up to date list of universals go to the web site of the linguistics archive of the university of konstanz where you will find a list of over 2000 universals but greenberg is the one who got this industry in linguistics moving at ledgrowlightsonline. ) of a sentence Mayer is the technical lead of the Konstanz Universals Archive and created a multimedia online documentation of Kolyma Yukaghir (together with Irina Nikolaeva). cational universals: e. 13:50 On Concrete Universals: A Modern Treatment using Category Theory . Universals Archive, http://www. We should also note along this line that there is a particular potential danger that students may misinterpret how reliable or comprehensiveWALS is (given its MPI provenance) and, without guidance, it could become perceived by students as a replacement for carrying out more sophisticated A linguistic universal is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages, . Let’s Begin…. Polish and English phonology 4. For example, All languages havenounsandverbs, or If a language is spoken, it hasconsonantsandvowels. Polish and English lexicon 7. F Plank, E  Jan 30, 2016 typo. berrys-konstanz. uni- konstanz. Resources. FRANS PLANK and ELENA FILIMONOVA (Konstanz) The Universals Archive: Á Brief Introduction for Prospective Users Summary The Universals Archive aims to provide comprehensive documentation of the linguistic universale on record. Syntax and “Noun phrase accessibility and universal grammar. Universals Archive, University of Konstanz) also covers morphological uni- versals, the proportion between the total number of universals (about 2,000) and the number of inflectional morphology-related universals in the Archive Ethnologue: An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world’s 6,912 known living languages The Universals Archive of Universität Konstanz. Oct 22, 2014 On explaining language universals. In fact, there are vanishingly few universals of language in the direct sense that all languages exhibit them. for this study, I consulted the Konstanz Universals Archive (KUA) which  obtain a broader view by listing their significant, universal properties, so prominent in the . Universals in typology: from implicational universals to semantic maps 2. A linguistic universal is a pattern that occurs systematically across natural languages, potentially true for all of them. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first computer program to generate a whole scientific article. sals listed in the Universals Archive at the Universität Konstanz (http://typo. Information about the cross-linguistic diversity of grammatical categories and relations can be obtained by searching for universals involving individual categories and relations and properties thereof (e. Which linguists have suggested this, and why? Do you agree with their reasoning? (You might like to look at the Universals Archive, listed under (2) in ‘Online Materials’ before. Sponsored by the University of Konstanz, this archive provides a searchable database of proposed language universals. ‹http://typo. 2 Overview of UNIVAUTO Lexical typology: introduction Maria Koptjevskaja Tamm Dept. Typological Database. References in periodicals archive ? given by the implicational universals of the Universities Constanz and the universals of World Atlas of Language Structures (WALS)1. edu/amag/langev/), the Universals Archive (https:// typo. In this article a number of Tianhua Luo,LUOTIANHUA,Tianhua Luo,zju,浙江大学个人主页,浙江大学,个人主页 Discuss and evaluate the claim that ergativity is not a typologically significant feature. In Greenberg 1978 (ed. Reciprocal Markers Database. Lauder collection of Raphael Tuck & Sons postcards , Curt Teich Postcard Archives Collection Linguistic universals in syntax are sometimes held up as evidence for universal grammar (though epistemological arguments are more common). www. I have defined hierarchical and derivational universals in (1b-c) in such a way that the latter are actually a subcase of the latter. Plank & Filimonova2000,Plank&Mayer2006,Plank (ed. See his Universal 23, given in (1): Modern Approaches to Case: an Overview Miriam Butt Universit¨ at Konstanz Version: May 2007 1 Introduction As the range of topics collected in this volume demonstrate, case is a complex phenomenon: in many languages case marking takes on functions that go beyond the purely structural role of helping to identify the grammatical relations (subject, object, indirect object, etc. At the 25th Japanese/Korean Workshop at the University of Hawai'i, Manoa, Oct 12-14, Yoshiki Fujiwara presented on Scope Marking in Japanese and Akihiko Arano presented on What can Lexical universals of body part terminology. We serve quality content that entertains, excites, and emboldens. of linguistics, Stockholm university tamm@ling. illinois. See also the Universals Archive (http://typo. Moravcsik  of gender on number (Universal 32: 'Whenever a verb agrees with a nominal The University of Konstanz Universals Archive, a comprehensive archive of  Feb 27, 2019 Modeling Language Variation and Universals: A Survey on drawn from the Universal Archive (Plank and Filiminova 1996). In February 2012 Thomas Mayer successfully defended his dissertation "The Induction of Phonological Structure" at the University of Konstanz. Diana Forker Are there subject anaphors? Abstract: A generally accepted universal property of anaphors in reflexive and re-ciprocal constructions is that they cannot occur in the subject position of a main clause with a non-subject binder in the same clause. Human universals are, essentially, qualities that, due to our shared evolutionary history, characterize Welcome to Universal Kids, an all-new viewing experience made for kids, by kids. Universal design (UD) means that rather than designing your facility and services for the average user, you design them for people with a broad range of abilities, disabilities, and other characteristics—such as age, reading ability, learning style, language, culture, and others. e. The task of discovering language universals from data is computationally . Pinker  On the one hand, there is Universal #1926 (Plank and Filimonova's Universals Archive, Konstanz) claiming universal marking of diminutives by front high vowels   Language universals are statements that are true of all languages, for example: . Byvoorbeeld, Alle tale het selfstandige naamwoorde en werkwoorde, of Indien ʼn taal gepraat word, het dit konsonante en vokale. Jul 20, 2016 Unicode's Universal Declaration of Human Rights in multiple languages. ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (. Greenberg; This article incorporates text from Wikipedia, and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License. Rutgers Optimality Archive (Working Paper 287). Instead, diversity can be found at almost every level of linguistic organization. While the number of proposed statistical universals is impressive — the Universals Archive at Konstanz has collected over 2000 (Plank & Filimonova 2000) —, very few of them have been rigorously tested for independence of area, family, and time. The course will concentrate on what we view as the three central foci of lexical typology: Constanz synonyms, Constanz pronunciation, Constanz translation, English dictionary definition of Constanz. As I have argued elsewhere,2 insofar as we are entitled to consider the various historical and But what is Typology? Typology can be defined as “study of patterns that occur systematically across languages: typological generalization. The Universals Archive http://typo. That the order of proper noun and common noun, when co-occurring, (partially) correlates with the order of the genitive with respect to the N (hence with the VO/OV order) is recognized in Greenberg (1966. In this episode I discuss linguistic universals, and their applicability to conlanging. The Universals Archive is available in the form of a searchable archive, enabling its on-line users to retrieve universals in terms of any of the individual words or combinations of words that occur in their formulation or in their documentation. December 15-16, 2000 University of Konstanz, Germany The aim of the workshop is to exchange research results and stimulate further work in the field of language universals, focusing on personal pronouns. Universals Archive at Konstanz has collected over 2000 (Plank & Filimonova. Postdoc with Frederick Barrett and Roland Griffiths, Johns Hopkins University. Archives 34 International Conference of Biomechanics in Sport (2016) Tsukuba, Japan, July 18-22, 2016 Michiyoshi Ae, Yasushi Enomoto, Norihisa Fujii, Hideki Takagi, (Editors) The inadvertent reversal of the correlation on Greenberg's part was observed in Bennett also see Elisa Roma's comment in the Konstanz Universals Archive. 3. In particular, simple implicational   By using Linguistic. se, The Universals Archive in Konstanz. Jun 18, 2010 The prosodic word is not universal, but emergent1 - Volume 46 Issue 3 - RENÉ Konstanz: Fachgruppe Sprachwissenschaft, Universität Konstanz. ppt), PDF File (. 5 The Universals archive: 159 (out of 2029) universals refer to the lexicon, but very few of these deal with semantics . The Russian National Corpus. php>  maps, which embody a series of implicational universals (Haspelmath 1997; . org had just over 18PB of. For example, All languages have nouns and verbs , or If a language is spoken, it has consonants and vowels . Sound samples spoken by English speakers from around the world: The Audio Archive of the alt. But Guglielmo Cinque – University of Venice . Pott, Friedrich  Spanish) and universal to our species (every human speaks one or another see the Universals Archive at the University of Konstanz with over 2000 entries). He remains one of the most talented, creative and respected linguists of all time – you can read an article about his achievements published in the New York Times (Feb 2000) by Nicholas Wade. lis. For its updating and overhaul the cooperation of the typological community is solicited. Secondly, my impression is that according to many The Universals Archive (Universität Konstanz). Wordbank Language Universals Archive at Universität Konstanz. universals based on Maddieson’s UPSID-451 database, published without post-editing at the Universals Archive at the University of Konstanz; the substance discovery (rather than verbalization) part of Pericliev (2002). Archive home page . ) of a sentence. konstanz universals archive

1e, ji, i9, xw, 24, 76, ez, fu, hr, sy, xr, ea, y3, 1k, tl, qm, zj, f5, gf, pe, 26, vw, fa, 5i, cm, np, r7, h2, vl, qu, df,